1. Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth.
  2. Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road.
  3. Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond.
  4. Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water.
  5. Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat.
  6. Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish.
  7. Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper.
  8. Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions.
  9. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers.
  10. Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.
  11. Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day.
  12. Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught.
  13. Produced offhand.
  14. Boisterous weather.
  15. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.


  1. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.

v. t.

  1. To render rough; to roughen.
  2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.
  3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch.